Incontinence and Menopause

Many people believe that loss of bladder control is simply a condition of old age. Contrary to this, many Americans—especially women—can become incontinent at any age. Women experience incontinence more commonly than men, often due to menopause, pregnancy, and childbirth.

Hormones change as women age. During and after the process of menopause, women experience the urge to urinate more frequently. This is because the levels of the female hormone estrogen are dropping significantly.

One of the functions of estrogen is to keep a woman’s muscles strong. Lack of estrogen may cause the pelvic muscles responsible for bladder control to weaken, resulting in frequent restroom visits and bladder leakage. Estrogen also contributes to the health of the urinary tract lining. These linings can deteriorate when estrogen is lacking, which affects the flow of urine.